Well, mid-summer is upon us, and if you’ve been out in the garden, you know this is peak time for pests to eat your rose buds, corn, lettuce and… well, and almost anything. Usually, your favorites! Half the time, we don’t even know they are there until they have done some significant damage, so start paying attention now, and squash them in their tracks! Here are the most common summer garden pests, and what you can do about them. 

We’ve included an organic control as the main treatment, but general garden sprays and powders can be used when that isn’t effective. Most broad general controls contain Sevin, but only use it if you have to. Always choose the least amount of chemical intervention possible to control the problem.



1. Aphids 

Aphids have to top the list. Small, pear-shaped bugs that can be clear, green or even tan, cluster in stems and leaves and suck the juices from the plant. When aphids feed, they inject their saliva into plant stalks, aiding in their digestion. After the meal, they leave behind a sticky substance called honeydew. It’s sugar-rich, and can attract other insects, like ants and yellowjackets, especially in summer. 

Blast them off with a strong spray of water, or use insecticidal soap for organic controls. Any general insect spray will take care of these summer garden pests, but make sure you use a kind safe for vegetable and herb use if you find them on your edibles. These are really easy to take care of organically because of their soft bodies, so don’t jump to chemical sprays.


2. Caterpillars 

There are many different species of caterpillars (about 164 just in North America), but all do the same damage… chewed leaves and flowers, even been known to mow down a plant right at the stems! Organic control includes hand picking, and actually squashing them, or spraying with Bt. (Bt is a biologic control sold anywhere organic solutions are found, most nurseries will know all about it!) Floating row covers work for veggies.


3. Corn Ear Worm

I’ve had it happen to me, go to shuck the corn you’ve been waiting for all summer, only to find a corn ear worm has beat you to that delicious ear of corn. Pull back a tiny bit of the husk at the tip and check for these little green worms… 

These summer garden pests can be removed with tweezers, and the damaged area just cut off, or you can use a dropper or squirt bottle to put a few drops of vegetable oil or Bt just inside the ear, as the silk is just starting to dry.


4. Scales. 

Scales look just like that… little red or brown scales over your ornamental plants stems and leaves. They suck out the sap like aphids, weakening the plant. Prune out and burn the infected plants, or try scrubbing them off with a brush. Neem oil or a summer organic oil spray can help as well.


4. Leaf Miner. 

Leaf miner creates squiggly lines through the leaves of plants. The damage does little harm to the plant, but it sure doesn’t look pretty, and it makes me mad when my spinach plants are covered in little lines. Just does, call me crazy. Spray susceptible plants early in the season with an insecticidal oil such as neem.


5. Japanese Beetle

A metallic-looking blue/green/bronze beetle that can completely defoliate half your garden. Loves roses! You can shake them off the plant early morning and squash, spray with insecticidal soap, and use baited traps. Look for these summer pests early, because they can do a lot of damage very quickly. 

Japanese beetles are also commonly responsible for lawn grubs that turn you lawn brown in July… Treat with beneficial nematodes or a chemical lawn application if the infestation is bad.  You can identify a lawn grub problem by peeling back a small section of sod. Grubs feed near the surface.


6. Colorado Potato Beetle. 

These summer garden pests are not just in Colorado, folks! Orange beetles with black striped wings, they can defoliate potatoes, tomatoes, eggplant or petunias. Row cover, neem oil, or general garden spray are your friends when it comes to getting rid of these produce-munching pests.


7. Whitefly

Whiteflies are prevalent in warmer climates, more so in late summer. They’re especially fond of vegetables and ornamental plants. You’ll usually find them on the undersides of leaves. When whiteflies are present, a plant may look pale and weak, and when disturbed, clouds of tiny white insects fly into the air. The best treatment for whiteflies is to spray them off with strong water late in the day, and then immediately apply an insecticidal soap. Repeat weekly until gone.


8. Slugs

We all know what slugs and snails look like, and how they eat your plants alive, so to speak. You’ll be able to tell you have slugs if you notice perfect, round holes in soft fruits like tomatoes or strawberries, or if you spot rough holes on the edges of leaves. 

The best treatment is handpicking, best in the morning. Beer traps and sprinkling diatomaceous earth around the plants are also very effective.


9. Squash Bugs

These gray, oval stink bugs inject a toxin into plant tissue, causing it to turn black and die. What’s worse, these summer garden pests are also known to cause disease. They’re considered truly terrible pests in some areas, attacking squash, melons and pumpkins – they can even lay waste to newer, younger fruits! Spraying eggs and juveniles with neem oil can be effective, but start early. The sooner you nip a squash bug in the bud, the better.


10. Grasshoppers. 

Lastly, the plague of grasshoppers. Late summer can be a time of great grasshopper damage, and we have all heard stories of crops being lost overnight to these pests. Chewed leaves are a tip off. Lightweight barriers or row covers are good choices for small crops. Encourage bug eating birds. 

If you live in an area where grasshoppers are a huge problem (Midwest, we’re looking at you) then try this. A naturally occurring fungus, Nosema locustae, weakens and kills grasshoppers when they eat it. Sold as Nolo Bait and Semaspore, this works over time. Last resort, chemical control.


Have a bug problem you’ve solved? Share what has worked for you (or what hasn’t!) in our comments section, with all our TGG gardening readers! We think you will also love Homemade weed Killers!


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  1. d brossy June 20, 2019 at 4:36 pm

    caterpillars may be future butterflies that are beneficial to the garden so please be careful. the host plants to multiply them are rue and milkweed [for monarchs] but parsley and so many other plants are hosts to many future butterflies.

  2. Rana Buckner February 9, 2018 at 12:12 am

    By any chance can you give me some advice about gnats? I have several houseplants that I want to be able to keep indoors but the gnats are becoming a problem. I used an insecticidal soap a couple weeks ago but it doesnt seem to work and I don’t want to use chemicals with child/dog in the apartment. Any advice would be appreciated.
    Beautiful website.

    1. Kathy Woodard February 27, 2018 at 5:52 pm

      We have the exact same problem! There is no sure cure, but in the summer when they are really bad we leave out a bowl of apple cider vinegar covered with plastic wrap. Then poke a small hole just large enough for the knats to crawl through. They will be trapped inside the bowl and drown in the vinegar. We set them out at night and it works amazing!

  3. Jan Gable July 10, 2014 at 9:13 am

    And remember to distinguish between the squash bug/stink bug and the similar looking spined soldier bug, a beneficial that eats beetles, caterpillars, grubs, saw fly and is a general predator.

  4. Becky Eldridge July 4, 2014 at 9:14 pm

    The picture on #2 is of a black swallowtail butterfly caterpillar, kill that and the world will have one less butterfly. Thanks to all the pesticide use butterflies are becoming more scarce all the time. I plant curly parsley, dill and fennel just so the swallowtail caterpillars can munch them into oblivion. Not all caterpillars are bad!!

    1. Kathy Woodard July 7, 2014 at 1:00 pm

      Great point Becky!

    2. Suzanne K. Webb August 19, 2014 at 5:30 pm

      Totally agree! #2 also resembles the monarch caterpillar and these butterflies are seriously endangered.


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