Free Plants!!

Basil31

There are ways to get free plants for your garden, and I don’t mean bribing the checker at the home improvement store. Nope, these are more satisfying anyway! The way to get free plants is to propagate plants that already exist, either from your own garden, or a neighbor or gardening buddies. To propagate means to basically cause the plant to multiply… thus taking one plant, and turning it into several, or even many! Free plants!

There are many ways to propagate plants, but many of them are too complicated for the average gardener, and usually take extreme patience and a greenhouse. I’m going to concentrate on the ones that are easy and within the ability of even a beginner.  These methods include gathering seed, division, softwood cuttings, and leaf cuttings. Our feature photo, above, is a great example of division by cuttings… ‘Cafe Sucre Furine’ shows us how to propagate basil by cuttings. (Keep reading, we cover it!)

I’m not going to get detailed about seed saving, because we just did a post on that, but you should jump over to learn all our seed saving tips.

Division is an easy process that splits one plant into several, best done in spring or fall. Any plant that grows with more than one central “stalk” is technically a candidate for division, but certain plants are easier pickings. In other words, plants that grow in “clumps”.  Good choices? Most perennials without a taproot, such as hostas, day lilies, iris, grasses, phlox, coneflower, black eyed susans, asters and astilbe. (And many, many more!) The basic steps?

  • Dig up the plant with a sharp spade
  • Separate the crowns to make new plants. You can tease the roots apart with your fingers with some plants, but others you may have to cut them with a knife. Don’t worry, they will be fine!
  • Replant each crown you separated as a new plant immediately, and water well until they get established.

Check out this video on dividing perennials from ‘Fine Gardening’.

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Softwood cuttings are kind of like when we cut a stem of a houseplant and stick it in a glass of water until it grows roots, except we stick it into moist potting soil and trap it with a plastic bag. (OK, you can just stick some plants into water, let’s be honest… some are just so easy!) Photo credit below – Education Outside at AFY.

Stem Cuttings in the AFY School Garden (By Patty Fung)

 

If you want to try softwood cuttings on plants with tougher stems, like hydrangeas, follow this tutorial by ‘This Old House‘… this should work for many soft stemmed shrubs. This is just a touch more work, but don’t let it scare you. And when they mention rooting hormone powder and you start to panic, don’t worry. Just ask for it at your local nursery, it looks like cornstarch and just helps… you can do it without though. Don’t believe me? Here is a softwood cutting tutorial for softer stemmed perennials and herbs from ‘Mother Earth Living’… and they agree with me, it doesn’t have to be that complicated!

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The last easy method is propagation by leaf cuttings. What this means is you basically cut off a leaf and some of the stem, then plant it into soil medium just like you did for softwood cuttings. This works really well with succulents, which are so popular right now. In fact in my garden, these propagate themselves. When a windstorm breaks off some stem or leaves, they replant themselves everywhere! So really, how hard can it be? (My sedum “Angelina” is a main offender, but I love it!) Wikihow has a great tutorial on how to propagate succulents by leaf cutting.

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Ok, so that’s it! Easy ways to make free plants for your garden, or host a swap party with family and friends and share!

Image Credits: The Cafe Sucrefarine, BHG, Education Outside at AFY, This Old House, Wikihow


 

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Comments

  1. NEVER leave garlic in the fridge because it will regrow a plant in about a week and I have soo much garlic!

  2. mrswigitywag says:

    I did this with 40 leaves. I followed directions to the t…I had only ONE spring a root string which then died….

    • I turn the leaves over so the end has contact with the potting soil, it has never failed me. It does take patience. Good luck

  3. I planted 3 differant hydrangias’. None of them will flower. I’ve fertilized checked for bugs. I can’t figure this out. Can you help?

    • Kathy Woodard says:

      Do they get any sun, and if so, morning or afternoon? Do they get regular water?

    • I have tried these methods with no success, too. BUT I did dig up my hydrangea and just cut it in half, then replant them. Worked great. Now I have 2 plants and both are thriving. This works with ferns, too, and a lot of other plants, even Lilacs. With Lilacs, take a new shoot and sever the root in the ground from the main plant, leave it to grow it’s own root, then transplant it, and it will do fine.

  4. virginia says:

    i do this with store vegetables, i no longer buy green onions, chives, spagetti squash, i used the tubers in my squash leaving on the seeds, my green onions i stuck the chopped root end into soil..now i have my own..i am working on getting my garden up & growing…

  5. Did the same as Susan many times with Hostas, hydrangeas great success but was wondering if there is a method for roses

    • Roses would probably be pretty complicated since most bushes you buy have the fancy stem grafted onto a stronger “wild” root system.

    • Take a green rose stem, remove the leaves and flower, stick the bottom of the stem into a half of a potato and plant. Works great!

      • i tried this and it did not work for me….i wished it did

        • Kathy Woodard says:

          Which did you try and how? Gardening is definitely a trial and error “sport”!

        • Only in spring when the earth is still moist, you can eighteen buy a bouquet of old roses for a very low price , cut them into three pieces , sideccut ( up to down) push them in your garden and slowly you are going to see that they are becoming bigger, let them grow there, if you want the year after you can trim and plant all over.

    • My mom always cuts it at an elbow and plants’ that and it grows roots

  6. Bonnie Lowery says:

    I hope I can get one started. I dug up the whole hydrangea when my parents passed. Now my daughter wants one for her new home. Thanks for sharing your help on line. I’m sure gonna try.

  7. how do you grow cuttings from a hydrangea?????

  8. Hi,
    What really helps to grow roos is the bark of a willow and than the younger sprouts of them.
    Works real well
    Grtz

  9. Another thing you can do save all the 2 litter plastic bottles cut at button part , put a piece of Bush about 15 cm long in earth, put the bottle on it , make it become like a self green garden, when you need to water time to time, open cap on top and water when the is no sun and close cap.
    In about 3 to 4 weeks the Bush or scrub or even roses withholding give roots , by no being able to breed up it will breed down and roots are born.
    You can build your garden from one plant , a garden will start to look like a good garden in 3 to 4 years.

  10. How can you get a start off of a snowball bush? My grandmother passed & would love to get a start off of hers! Love them! Thanks!

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